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About this site and Date Rape:

This site is a bookstore subsidiary of Science & Humanities Press, featuring general resources for preventing date rape and other sexual violence, and managing the psychological and physiological consequences to victims.
It features information on prudent dating habits, information on date rape drugs and testing to avoid victimization, and information on symptoms, precautions and treatments of related hazards, such as sexually transmitted diseases. Be aware you can seek legal remedies for harm done to you through deceit or violence.
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Here are some facts and advice on rape from the US government:

What is rape and date rape?

National Sexual Assault Hotline

1-800-656-HOPE
(1-800-656-4673)

It's free, private, and 24 hours.

Rape is sex you don’t agree to, including forcing a body part or object into your vagina, rectum (bottom), or mouth. Date rape is when you are raped by someone you know, like a boyfriend. Both are crimes. Rape is not about sex — it is an act of power by the rapist and it is always wrong.

Date rape drugs, which often have no smell or taste, can be given to you without you knowing at parties or in a club — especially where alcohol is served. Alcohol can make you less aware of danger and make you less able to think clearly and resist sexual assault. If you are given date rape drugs, you may not be able to say "no" to unwanted sex and you may not be able to clearly remember what happened.

Remember: even if you were drinking, it is NOT your fault.
What is sexual assault?

Sexual assault and abuse is any kind of sexual activity that you do not agree to, including:

    * inappropriate touching
    * vaginal, anal, or oral sex
    * sex that you say ‘no’ to
    * rape
    * attempted rape
    * child molestation

Sexual assault can be verbal, visual, or anything that forces a person to join in unwanted sexual contact or attention. Examples of this are voyeurism (when someone watches private sexual acts), exhibitionism (when someone exposes him/herself in public), incest (sexual contact between family members), and sexual harassment. It can happen in different situations, by a stranger in an isolated place, on a date, or in the home by someone you know.
What should I know about date rape drugs? top

Date rape drugs are most commonly used to sexually assault a person. The drugs often have no color, smell, or taste and are easily added to drinks without the victim’s knowledge. These drugs usually cause a person to become helpless — they can hardly move and are not able to protect themselves from being hurt. People who have been given date rape drugs say they felt paralyzed or couldn’t see well, and had black-outs, problems talking, confusion, and dizziness. Date rape drugs can even cause death.

It’s hard to know whether a party, club, or concert you plan to go to will be dangerous. Drugs may not be at every party you go to, but you should still have a plan for keeping yourself and your friends safe no matter what.

    * Say "NO" to alcohol. Have water or soda instead.
    * Open your own drinks.
    * Don’t let other people hand you drinks.
    * Keep your drink with you at all times, even when you go to the bathroom.
    * Don’t share drinks.
    * Don’t drink from punch bowls or other large, common, open containers. They may already have drugs in them.
    * Don’t drink anything that tastes, looks, or smells strange. Sometimes, GHB tastes salty.
    * Always go to a party, club, or concert with someone you trust, such as a friend or an older brother or sister.
    * Stay away from "party drugs." They can be pills, liquids, or powders. These drugs can also leave you disoriented and vulnerable.

If you think that you or someone you know has been drugged and raped:

    * Don’t blame yourself. The rape was not your fault.
    * Talk to an adult and go to the police station or hospital right away! If you don't have an adult to talk to first, just go to the police station or hospital.
    * Don’t urinate (pee) before getting help.
    * Get a urine (pee) test as soon as possible. The drugs leave your system quickly. Rohypnol leaves your body 72 hours after you take it. GHB leaves the body in 12 hours.
    * Don’t douche, bathe, or change clothes before getting help. Doing these things can remove possible evidence of the rape, such as semen (fluid from a man) or hair belonging to the person who assaulted you.
    * Get medical care right away. Tell the doctor or nurse if you think you were drugged. He or she will give you a urine test right away because date rape drugs leave your body quickly. You will also get a medical exam to make sure you don’t have other injuries. The doctor or nurse will test you for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV/AIDS, and offer you emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy. If the doctor or nurse does not mention testing for STDs or emergency contraception, ask for them.
    * The counselor will help you figure out how to tell your parents/guardians. They may be angry or upset, but only because they care about you and don't want you to get hurt. Getting help and dealing with your emotions is the first step in healing.
    * You can call a crisis center or a hotline to talk with a counselor. One national hotline is the 24-hour National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE (1-800-799-7233) or 1-800-787-3224 (TDD). Feelings of shame, guilt, fear, and shock are normal. It is important to get counseling from a trusted professional.

For more information about drugs, check out these organizations and web sites:

   1. Federal resource girlshealth.gov: Drugs and Alcohol — Straight Talk
   2. Federal resource Get It Straight: The facts about drugs, DEA, DOJ
   3. Federal resource NIDA For Teens
   4. Federal resource Sara’s Quest, NIDA, NIH, HHS
   5. Federal resource ClubDrugs.org NIDA, NIH, HHS
   6. Partnership for a Drug Free America
   7. Drugstory.org

How can you deal with the stress of a disaster, assault, or other traumatic event?
Who can I call for help? top

Photo of girl on the phoneThere are free hotlines that you can call 24 hours a day to get help if you have been sexually assaulted or if you need advice on how to leave an unhealthy relationship.

    * The Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network (RAINN)
      Online counseling is now available!
    * National Sexual Assault Hotline:
      1-800-656-HOPE (1-800-656-4673)
    * National Domestic Violence Hotline:
      1-800-799-SAFE ( 1-800-799-7233) or
      1-800-787-3224 (TDD)
    * Girls and Boys Town National Hotline:
      1-800-448-3000 or 1-800-448-1833 (TDD)

You can also find local resources, including women's shelters or other services, through your local phone book, a religious center, your school counselor or nurse, or a doctor's office.
What about Self Defense?

quiz icon Try these quizzes:

Test your relationship

What does it take to stay safe in a relationship?

Stranger rape and date rape are never the victim’s fault. But there may be some things you can do to protect yourself.

    * Stay Calm and Think! If someone surprises you with an attack, don’t focus on fighting back. Focus on getting away. If you stay aware of your surroundings, you may be able to get away before something even happens. For example, say you are jogging and have a feeling that someone is watching you. Don’t ignore your instincts! Immediately leave the area and move toward people.
    * Make some noise — a lot of it! If someone approaches you and you feel uncomfortable, don’t stay silent. Shout “No!” or “Get Away!” You could also shout “Help me!” or even “Fire!” Use your voice even if you don’t think other people will hear you — it may startle an attacker long enough for you to run or drive away.     
    * Carry a cell phone! Make sure it’s programmed with your parents’ phone number, and don’t be afraid to call 9-1-1 if you feel threatened. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Don’t be afraid to shout “I’ve already called the police!” if someone is approaching you.

Sometimes girls worry about being “nice” or don’t want to draw attention to themselves. Some girls may fear making a big deal out of nothing, even if their gut tells them to worry. But the most important thing is for you to be safe! Don’t worry about what other people think. Do whatever it takes to stay safe!

What are some other things I can do if a stranger approaches me?

What are some other ways you can practice self defense?

It's Time to Talk. A Marie Clair - Liz Claiborne Campaign

Federal resource = This article, publication, website, or organization is from the U.S. government.

Content last updated September 22, 2009

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health.

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 Here is further general background information on date rape and related matters (edited from Wikipedia):

"Date rape", often referred to as “acquaintance rape”, is an assault or attempted assault usually committed by a new acquaintance involving sexual intercourse without mutual consent.[1][2]

  • The term "date rape" is widely used but can be misleading because the person who commits the crime might not be dating the victim. Rather, it could be an acquaintance or stranger.[3]

Drug-facilitated date rape

Drug-facilitated date rape is the use of drugs to assist the attacker in a rape. The drug can be any substance that is physical or mind altering.

Drug facilitated sexual assault (DFSA), which is considered an umbrella term for crimes such as drug-facilitated date rape, differs from many rapes in that it is not typically a crime of physical violence but rather of sexual hedonism and entitlement.

Rohypnol[4] (trade name for Flunitrazepam), is commonly known as a “club drug” because it is usually used in dance clubs and raves. Street names include: Circles, Forget Pill, LA Rochas, Lunch Money, Mexican Valium, Mind Erasers, Roach, Roopies, Roofies, R-2, Roches Dos, Rope, Rophies, Rapeies, Stupifi, Shays, etc.[1][3]

Ketamine[5] is commonly known as: Black Hole, Bump, Cat Valium, Green, Jet, K, Kit Kat, Psychedelic heroin, Purple, Special K, Super Acid, Keller, Super C, etc.[3][6]

GBL or GHB are popular because "Victims may not be aware that they ingested a drug at all. GHB and its analogues are invisible when dissolved in water, and are odorless. They are somewhat salty tasting, but are indiscernible when dissolved in beverages such as sodas, liquor, or beer."[7] Also, GBL can pass through the skin[8] so the flavor is irrelevant. In some cases, GBL has been allegedly administered by applying it to jewelry that is designed to break (presumably to prevent overdose).

In 2001, Dr. Michael Welner published pioneering research on the typology of drug-facilitated rapists. The typology has since been cited and used by law enforcement and mental health professionals for distinguishing different perpetrators, their personalities, and their psychological makeup.[9]

The Typology of Drug facilitated sexual assault Includes

  • Setting: Typology is best distinguished by the setting in which the attack takes place (e.g. Workplace Setting, Healthcare Setting or Social Setting).
  • Accomplices and Conspiracies: There may be multiple perpetrators who conspire to commit the crime. Particularly in social settings, confirmed cases have involved male and female couple collaborators, siblings and friends.
  • Intrafamilial DFSA: Many intrafamilial DFSA's often go unreported. Typically there is a power differential that prevent victims from speaking out.
  • Male-on-male Offenses: Such cases occur nearly exclusively in social or school settings. Often the crime reflects the perpetrators conflicted feelings about private same-sex thought and desires.
  • Sexual Deviance or Sexual Hunters: This group often includes those who are incompetent at finding sexual partners and those who have sexual fantasies of dominance.

Laws

United States

In 1996, President Clinton signed the Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act. This act punishes for the use of the drug called Rohypnol. Four years later, the president signed another legislation banning GHB.

People who use date rape drugs have a risk of up to an additional 20 years in prison. Any possession of Rohypnol, even if there is no intent of using it, has a sentence of up to three years in prison. Every state has laws pertaining to rape.[10][11][12]

Indiana has a statute which makes the offense a Class A felony if "the commission of the offense is facilitated by furnishing the victim, without the victim's knowledge, with a drug ... or a controlled substance ... or knowing that the victim was furnished with the drug or controlled substance without the victim's knowledge."[13] (see drink spiking)

Social issues

Understanding date rape as a social issue is very difficult due to conceptual differences about even what constitutes "rape". It both reflects and is reflected by political and sociological differences in ways of viewing gender roles, personal responsibility, and social norms. Debates on this topic often reflect polarized opinions in which the points of argument are considered as "radical feminism" or "misogynistic".

Similarly, institutional responses, including efforts in the criminal justice system have been difficult to establish. Colleges and Universities, settings in which date rape is considered a common problem, have attempted to develop policies and guidelines for prevention and discipline that can be unwieldy and unenforceable. While criminal prosecution of so-called "stranger rape" (e.g. no pre-existing relationship, use of physical force or of a weapon) is sufficiently difficult, as the statistics regarding attitudes included above bear out, a situation considered "date rape" can be even more difficult if not impossible.

This is due to the highly subjective components involved in determining consent, and conscious intention, as well as attitudes toward gender, toward sexuality, and individual responsibility. Further, in a society that is both "obsessed" with but uncomfortable with sex and sexuality, direct communication is too frequently lacking, so that expectations and interpretations vary drastically between the potential perpetrator and the potential victim. Add socially sanctioned use of alcohol (over 80% of date rapes included the use of alcohol by at least one partner, while over 50% involved the use by both partners) and the likelihood of such miscommunication goes even higher.

In 1998 the issue of date rape was raised in the United Kingdom when the popular soap-opera Brookside featured a story in which character Nikki Shadwick was date raped. The issue of date rape was lesser known at the time. The following year the first charity of victims of date rape was established in the United Kingdom.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ ab Men Against Sexual Assault, http://www.sa.rochester.edu/masa/drugs.php[dead link]
  2. ^ "Perspectives on Acquaintance Rape" The American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress. http://www.aaets.org/arts/art13.htm
  3. ^ abc"Date Rape Drugs" U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Women's Health, http://www.womenshealth.gov/faq/date-rape-drugs.cfm
  4. ^ “Drug Information: R Rohypnol (Flunitrazepam) | Ritalin (Methylphenidate” DEA. http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/concern/r_p.html
  5. ^DEA Resources, For Law Enforcement Officers, Intelligence Reports, Club Drugs: An Update
  6. ^ Men Against Sexual Assault, http://www.sa.rochester.edu/masa/drugs.php
  7. ^GHB, GBL and 1,4BD as Date Rape Drugs
  8. ^http://www.projectghb.org/gbl.html
  9. ^ The Perpetrators and Their Modus Operandi. Welner, M. In: LeBeau M, Mozayani A (ed) Drug Facilitated Sexual Assault. Academic Press. London. 2001 pp 39–74 http://books.google.com/books?id=iV398oA5DdsC&pg=PR20&lpg=PR20&dq=hazelwood+rape+welner&source=bl&ots=P1YsblTxdH&sig=YfkyWe4hsKFra7rhGccrjz_UWOU&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPR23,M1
  10. ^ State Rape Statutes http://www.ndaa.org/pdf/vaw_rape_statute.pdf
  11. ^ Drug Facilitated Rape: Looking for the Missing Pieces, http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/jr000243c.pdf
  12. ^ Drug Facilitated Rape http://www.helpandhealing.org/Drug%20Facilitated%20Rape.htm
  13. ^USLegal - Date Rape Law & Legal Definition
  14. ^ISBN 1-86200-103-0 pg 133 to 134
Text adopted from Wikipedia article on Date Rape http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Date_rape
"Licensing notice: Each copy or modified version that you distribute must include a licensing notice stating that the work is released under CC-BY-SA and either a) a hyperlink or URL to the text of the license or b) a copy of the license. For this purpose, a suitable URL is: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ "